ran Canaria History - History Gran Canaria Spain

Gran Canaria History

History Gran Canaria

Gran Canaria History

Gran Canaria has a lot of historical background, there are monuments and museums around the island portraying and describing this for you to visit and see. Mundo Aborigen is a great place to learn all about Gran Canaria's history, it has been declared a 'Place of Cultural, Social and Historical Interest' by the local government. You will find it located overlooking the Barranco de Fataga, which is the biggest and most dramatic gorge on the island, The Mundo Aborigen, which means Aborigines' world, is a reconstruction of an ancient Canary village devoted entirely to the Guanche way of life.  Giving its visitors a genuine insight to pre-Hispanic culture! A small archaeological museum has also been created on the site too. Mundo Aborigen is open all year round, everyday from 9am till 6pm. It is located from the road from Playa del Inglés to Fataga – San Bartolomé de Tirajana.

Gran Canaria along with the rest of the Canary islands is the son of Pluton.  What we now today as Gran Canaria, was originally known as Tamaran.

There is a lot of myth to what people believe of the early history of the Canary island's, some believe that they are the lost islands of Atlantis and other's believe that they are known as the ‘Fortunate Islands’ that were clinging to the edge of the world where people had no sorrows.

Gran Canaria is believe to be colonised from 500 BC although the only inhabitants that confirmed are the Guanches - the natives of the island - these are believed to have came from North Africa and were descendants from the Berber people. There has been evidence found that the Guanches lived on a very primitive level due to the tools and weapons found mostly in caves and under rock spurs on the island.

The invasion of the Canary island's was fiercely resisted by the natives, it happened regularly during fourteenth century. It took Europe almost 1000 years after the Roman Empire fell to remember about the Canaries, until a Mediterranean ship rediscovered it. From then on  Portuguese, Italians and Catalan sent their ships to the island to bring back slaves and fur to their countries.

Finally during the beginning of the fifteenth century the conquest began, With the Spanish invasion ending with the Guanches either killed or committing suicide rather than surrender to the Spanish those who did survive were forced into being slaves and to convert to Christianity and eventually died out. The invasion of Gran Canaria by the Crown of Castile was the work of Pedro de Vera, in 1483, who completed the conquest that was started earlier by Juan Rejón. It took place over two phases to complete the conquest, starting firstly with the landing, following that the construction of Real de Las Palmas at the mouth of the Guiniguada river, secondly, the Vera's military campaign, that ended with the defeat of the aboriginal people of Gáldar, as well as the campaign for the reconciliation of the southern slopes of the island.

In 1927 the division of the archipelago into two separate provinces; the Westerly Islands of Tenerife, La Palma, Gomera and Hierro from the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (chief town Santa Cruz) and the Eastern Islands of Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote from the province of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (chief town Las Palmas), came about. This is all led from Cuba winning their freedom from Spain in 1898.

In the mid-nineteenth century the free port system that was established as a special economic management system designed to favour trading relations in the Canary Islands. The new regime, which was based on tax exemptions and facilities for free trade acted as a major trading attraction. The number of British ships and shipping companies calling in at the Island soon multiplied.

Due to the shipping traffic, the tourism industry was born in Gran Canaria. Over the years, tourism would eventually become the main source of income for the island, which had became one of the main tourist destinations in the world then. During the second half of the 19th century, Gran Canaria started gaining popularity in European circles as a place of rest for tourists and the unwell. Which led soon to shipping companies taking advantage of the opportunity and equipping their vessels with cabins so they could transport passengers. The first hotels built on the island was from the initiative of these same companies, one of which was the hotel of Santa Catalina, built in, 1890 in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, this still remains open and is the only hotel dating from the early beginnings of tourism that still does.

In Christmas of 1957, the Swedish airline, Transair AB, landed at Gando - which is what Gran Canaria Airport was called at the time, (which had been opened in 1930.) This was the first series of charter flights, all 54 of its seats were occupied. With this Gran Canaria launched itself in the organised mass tourism market as well as the modern tourism industry. Which had until then been interrupted by the number of wars - The World Wars and Spanish Civil War.

 

 

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