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History of Fuerteventura
Fuerteventura along with the rest of the Canary islands is the son of Pluton. It is the second largest island of the archipelago developed roughly the same time as the island of Lanzarote, which was about sixteen to twenty million years ago. Fuerteventura present appearance has been the work of millions of years of erosion - this is half a desert which is scattered with rocks that spreads between the mountains, some say it shape is that like a mullet leg or Marge Simpsons hair doo!
In 1927 the division of the archipelago into two separate provinces; the Westerly Islands of Tenerife, La Palma, Gomera and Hierro from the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (chief town Santa Cruz) and the Eastern Islands of Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote from the province of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (chief town Las Palmas), came about. This is all led from Cuba winning their freedom from Spain in 1898.
In the mid-nineteenth century the free port system that was established as a special economic management system designed to favour trading relations in the Canary Islands. The new regime, which was based on tax exemptions and facilities for free trade acted as a major trading attraction. The number of British ships and shipping companies calling in at the Island soon multiplied.
There are plenty of theories and explanations on the origins of the island as with the rest of the Canary Islands. Records of old Asian societies, of which legends Plato reports, state that there used to be a continent called Atlantis of which the Canary Islands are supposed to be the highest mountains and only remnants. Other more recent theories claim that the origin of the archipelago is explained by the lifting of the sea bottom as a result of a creasing in the Earth crust. To establish the exact age of the Canary Islands proves to be difficult. The oldest rock was found in Fuerteventura and is about 35 million years old. Therefore it is to be concluded that the formation of the archipelago took place after the island continents arrived at their present position.
The North of the island between El Cotillo and Corralejo is actually only eight thousand years old and of volcanic origin. The solidified magma is still clearly visible in some parts of the west coast. If you turn north coming from Pajara and pass the village of Vega de Rio Palmas you will arrive after a few kilometres at a small, dreamy village: Betancuria. It is named after Jean de Bethancourt, who conquered the island for the Spanish crown in 1402 and later, in 1405, founded this little village as the first one away from the coast in the protection of the mountains. It is well worth a visit. In Betancuria you will find the old bishops church from times when Fuerteventura was residence of the bishop. Strangely the bishop never actually visited the island and therefore never saw his cathedral. Around the cathedral are plenty of old patrician- and aristocracy houses with their typical canarian wooden balconies.
The Spanish invasion back in the fourteenth and fifteenth century of the Canary island's was fiercely resisted by the natives, it happened regularly during fourteenth century. It took Europe almost 1000 years after the Roman Empire fell to remember about the Canaries, until a Mediterranean ship rediscovered it. From then on Portuguese, Italians and Catalan sent their ships to the island to bring back slaves and fur to their countries.
Finally during the beginning of the fifteenth century the conquest began, With the Spanish invasion ending with the Guanches - the Canary island inhabitants - either killed or committing suicide rather than surrender to the Spanish those who did survive were forced into being slaves and to convert to Christianity and eventually died out.
Fuerteventura History - History of Fuerteventura Spain
Fuerteventura History - History of Fuerteventura Spain. Property to rent or buy, tourism around the island of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain. Fuerteventura holidays.